「探検がもたらした至宝」

Treasures of exploration
The third gallery of Treasures of the Natural World tells the stories of those who not only had a brilliant mind, but a brave heart and daring spirit. From Captain James Cook’s first voyage to Australia and New Zealand to Captain Robert Falcon Scott’s expedition to reach the South Pole and HMS Challenger’s 1872 exploration of the deep oceans. Each expedition yielded vital scientific evidence which was only attainable because these explorers dared to be pioneers. These inspiring stories of human endeavor adventure take place across vast oceans and remote lands. Leading to great discoveries in biology, oceanography and geology and vivid first-hand accounts and imagery of surprising new species, but ultimately a showcase of human endeavor and heart.
南極の化石の森

南極の化石の森

炭化した森
南極
石炭/三畳紀、約3億2300万〜2億100万年前

ロバート・ファルコン・スコットの最終的に悲劇に見舞われた2回目のテラ・ノバ探検中に集められたこの化石の森の破片は、非常に貴重な標本とされています。これは、かつて南極に森が育ち、大陸の気候が現在よりもずっと暖かかったことを示す証拠となる、世界で最初の破片の一つです。
コウテイペンギンの雛の皮膚

コウテイペンギンの子供の皮膚

南極


初めて研究された3匹のコウテイペンギンのうちの1羽であるこのペンギンの雛は、1902年のディスカバリー探検の際にロバート・ファルコン・スコットによって捕獲されました。その成長段階から、コウテイペンギンは暗い極寒の南極の冬の間に産卵することが判明しました。テラ・ノバ探検中、スコットはさらなる調査のためコウテイペンギンの卵を収集する計画を立てました。

Southern Cassowary, UK

Southern Cassowary

Walter Rothschild was fascinated by the southern cassowary, a large flightless bird found in Australia and New Guinea. He kept a number of live specimens at the family home, Tring Park in Hertfordshire, and had them prepared as taxidermy when they died. Although Rothschild thought the birds’ different coloured markings indicated many species, we now know there are only three.
HMS Challenger expedition

 
HMS Challenger expedition

With corals, samples and slides, these specimens represent the first major scientific investigation of the oceans. HMS Challenger left British shores in 1872 for a three-and-a-half-year voyage around the world, criss-crossing the oceans, from South America to the Cape of Good Hope, Antarctica to Australia, the Fiji Islands and Japan.

The wealth of evidence the expedition brought back evolutionized our knowledge of the deep sea at the time.


Microfossil Christmas card

 
Microfossil Christmas card 

Painstakingly created from microfossils by Arthur Earland (1866–1958), this slide spells out a Christmas greeting to his colleague Edward Heron-Allen (1861–1943). It reads ‘A.E. Xmas 1912’. Both men were micro palaeontologists at the Natural History Museum. They collaborated for 25 years and were responsible for analysing the foraminifera – small single-celled organisms – collected during Scott’s Terra Nova expedition to Antarctica.

 
Microfossil Christmas card